Within this studies, quantitative parameters was exhibited when it comes to indicate and you may standard departure and you will stratified parameters with respect to wide variety and you will percent. T-test was utilized examine the new mode and you will logistic regression data was used to evaluate the independent details inside the postpartum despair. 05.
step 3. Overall performance
After collecting data, results obtained from 174 pregnant women entered statistical analysis. 23 pregnant women were excluded from the study due to positive results from the Beck test. 9 participants with gestational diabetes mellitus, 2 cases of hypothyroidism, and 5 patients with preterm labor were hospitalized. 9 people did not attend follow-up and did not respond to telephone calls, 1 had a stillbirth, and thus 49 participants were excluded from the study. The mean age of the participants was 25.7 years. 42% of the mothers experienced the first pregnancy. 67.8% of the mothers were scored below 12 in Edinburgh’s postpartum depression scale and 32.2% had a score above 12. After examining the demographic variables between the two depressed and nondepressed groups including mother’s age, education level, job, type of delivery, sex of neonate, number of pregnancies, and father’s education and job, the household income was the only variable that had significant difference in the two groups and it was lower in the depressed mothers (p <0.05) (Table 1).
The data connected with part of the parameters together with prepregnancy loads, body mass index, the following and you may third trimester weight gain, and kind and you will complete weight gain during pregnancy have been including mathematically reviewed. To measure them, the brand new mathematical test regarding logistic regression was used there are a life threatening relationship anywhere between despair and weight gain of your third trimester (Or = 1.17).
According to the numbers needed from the IOM for normal and you can fat pregnant women, weight alter have been put into 3 teams: inadequate, adequate, and you may way too much, and its own experience of anxiety try examined by logistic regression sample hence failed to inform you people high relationship (Desk 2). Once the income is actually rather more anywhere between depressed and nondepressed communities, the partnership between depression as well as weight details was remeasured with changed effect of income and you can again only the third trimester lbs acquire had tall reference to despair considering the effect of income (Otherwise 1.17, 95%CI step one.04-step one.32) (Table step three).
As found in the present investigation, discover zero relationships ranging from very first pounds and you will first Bmi as really once the version of Body mass index (normal otherwise heavy) and you may PPD. Proof showed that women in gestational months is at the greater threat of depression and you may studies have shown a relationship between obesity and you can despair inside pregnant and you can nonpregnant female and determined that indeed there is actually a dose-impulse matchmaking within boost in top Body mass index while the increased likelihood of anxiety while pregnant and you will postpartum .
In the modern investigation, 33% away from mothers which have regular Body mass index and you will 30.4% out-of overweight hookup bars Washington expectant mothers had success from PPD evaluation, while the one or two communities did not have a significant difference in the postpartum despair.
Consistent with our very own conclusions, LaCoursiere (2006) indicated that brand new frequency of PPD attacks in females having normal Bmi was 22.8 ± 1.2% and it also is actually 31.8% ± 2.5% in the fat female but in a unique study, certainly one of 245 expecting mothers which have normal lbs during pregnancy, 7.8% about six-two months immediately after birth got despair . We hypothesized that even more Body mass index at the beginning of pregnancy is, the greater perhaps the mother is to experience PPD however, the information didn’t support the hypothesis. Fox and you may Yamaguchi (1997) determined that in comparison with prepregnancy regular lbs ladies, obese lady have been very likely to have confident examine regarding their system image and you can gaining weight while pregnant while the costs out of sense PPD is actually comparable into several communities .